The EU‘s international identity then has a major influence on the roles
it declares and that other countries expect of it. Although the EU‘s identity
is actually in a phase of formation, it is constructed on the basis of values
such as dignity, freedom, equality, democracy, human rights, social solidarity
and sustainable development, and these are reflected in the roles the EU
declares. Another important element of the EU‘s international identity is its
institutional system, which hinders it in playing an effective role in the international arena. In spite of its expansion, the Common Foreign and Security Policy, which was established by the Maastricht Treaty and developed in the treaty revisions, remains an intergovernmental policy with few significant elements of communitarisation and flexibility. After the Lisbon Treaty came into force in December 2009 the CFSP is still a ‘common‘ policy only in name. Thus, although the question will not be addressed in the present
book, it must be admitted that the interests of EU member countries have
considerable impact on the EU‘s interactions in the Mediterranean region. In
essence, the EU‘s international position and international identity limit its
ability to perform effective roles in the Mediterranean area. There is a clear
conflict between the roles it declares, those expected of it, and those it performs, as will be shown below.
The book contains nine chapters.